The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Ministry`s renegotiation in 2019. The amendments adapt about 5% of the text. [22] The British Parliament rejects the agreement for the third time. The UK has until 12 April 2019 to decide how to proceed: the Netherlands is not negotiating directly with the UK. The European Commission does this on behalf of the remaining 27 EU Member States on the basis of the mandate given to it by EU countries. This mandate sets out what the Commission can discuss with the UK and the negotiating position it should adopt. EU leaders agree to postpone the Brexit date to 31 January 2020 or earlier if the UK and European Parliaments approve the Withdrawal Agreement by then. The new relationship between the EU and the UK will start if an agreement has been reached that has been approved by EU member states, the European Parliament and the UK Parliament. On 15 November 2018, one day after the british government cabinet presented and supported the agreement, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for Leaving the European Union. [28] On 17 October 2019, the UK and the EU agreed on the terms of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU (Brexit) and on a transition period until 31 December 2020. On 22nd October the British Parliament agreed to review the Brexit legislation. But he decided it needed longer than the British Prime Minister had proposed.

This means that a withdrawal with an agreement on the scheduled Brexit date of 31 October is no longer possible. The Brexit deal will not come into force until the Brexit law is passed by the UK Parliament. The UK Parliament decides that a further extension of the Brexit date is necessary as it wants to review the relevant legislation before voting on the Withdrawal Agreement. The British government then called on the EU to postpone the Brexit date to 31 January 2020. With regard to the Irish border issue, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the “backstop”) which is annexed to the agreement and sets out a fallback position that will only enter into force if no other effective arrangement is demonstrated before the end of the transition period. If this happens, the UK will eclipse the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will remain in some aspects of the single market until such a demonstration is achieved. None of the parties can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union. The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a “hard” border in Ireland where customs controls are necessary. [19] The Withdrawal Agreement also contains provisions under which the United Kingdom leaves the Agreement establishing the Statute for the European Schools before the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e. .dem the end of the 2020-2021 spring semester, through the Convention and the accompanying rules on accredited European Schools.

[20] The Withdrawal Agreement is complemented by the Political Declaration setting out the framework for the future relationship between the European Union and the Declaration by Her Majesty Her Majesty of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on the application of the provision on “democratic consent in Northern Ireland” of the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland. .