The Rome Convention provides for restrictions and exceptions to the aforementioned rights in national legislation with regard to private use, the use of short excerpts related to the coverage of current events, the ephemeral fixation by a broadcaster by its own bodies and for its own programmes which are exclusively for teaching or scientific research and , in all other cases, where national law provides for exceptions to copyright on literary and artistic works. Once a performer has agreed to include a performance in a visual or audiovisual fixation, the rights provisions of performers are no longer applicable. The treaty proposes a gradual reduction of tariffs and the creation of a customs union. It proposed the creation of an internal market for goods, labour, services and capital in all Member States. It also proposed the creation of a common agricultural policy, a common transport policy and a European Social Fund and set up the European Commission. France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands have begun negotiations on the treaty. The ECSC Treaty was signed in Paris on 18 April 1951 and came into force on 24 July 1952. The contract expired on July 23, 2002, after fifty years, as planned. The common market was opened on 10 February 1953 for coal, iron ore and scrap metal and on 1 May 1953 for steel. The treaty has defined forms of international cooperation that go far beyond the intergovernmental agreements known to most diplomats. The Council of Ministers and the European Parliament (EP) have retained the decision-making functions of national governments and parliaments (direct elections to the EP began in 1979). But the European Commission has been given independent power, including the exclusive power to propose European laws and the obligation to oversee their implementation.

The ECJ should, with the full agreement of the Member States, become the highest judicial authority in Europe and national legal orders should be reorganised in due course by the commitments made in Rome. Future treaties have expanded the powers of each of these institutions, always driven by the promise made in Rome to commit to an “ever closer union between the peoples of Europe”. The Rome Convention guarantees the protection of performers, phonograms for phonogram producers and broadcasters` programmes. The treaty has been amended several times since 1957. The Maastricht Treaty of 1992 removed the word “economic” from the official title of the Treaty of Rome and in 2009 the Lisbon Treaty renamed it the “Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union”. The result of the conference was that the new communities would share the Common Assembly (now the Parliamentary Assembly) with the ECSC, as would the European Court of Justice. But they would not share the ECSC`s High Council of Authority. The two new high authorities would be called Commissions because of a limitation of their powers. France has been reluctant to accept more supranational powers; Therefore, the new commissions would have only fundamental powers and important decisions would have to be approved by the Council (national ministers), which has just adopted majority decisions. [4] Euratom encouraged cooperation in the nuclear field, which was then a very popular area, and the European Economic Community was to create a full customs union among its members.

[5] [6] The treaty is a result of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), signed in Paris in 1951 by the six countries, with the ashes of the Second World War still smoldering.